The incorporation of the Specific Areas:
Children learn reading and writing skills, including phonic knowledge, simple reading and emergent writing. Children are helped to understand that written symbols carry meaning, to be aware of the purpose of writing and when they are ready, to use drawn and written symbols themselves.
By means of adult supported practical experiences, children are able to become familiar with the sorting, matching, ordering, sequencing and counting activities which form the basis for early mathematics. As they use their developing mathematical understanding to solve practical problems, children are assisted to learn and use the vocabulary of mathematics, identifying objects by shape, position, size, volume and number. Songs, games and picture books help children become aware of number sequencing and when they are ready, to use simple mathematical operations such as adding. Children can recognise shapes and use simple mathematical language.
Understanding of the World
A safe and stimulating environment allows children to explore and experiment with a range of natural and manufactured materials. They learn to observe the features of objects and substances, recognising differences, patterns and similarities. Children are assisted in exploring and understanding their environment both within the group and also in the wider community. A range of safe and well-maintained equipment enables children to extend their technological understanding using simple tools and techniques appropriate to achieve their intentions and to solve problems.
Expressive Arts and Design
Children are encouraged to use a wide range of resources and their imagination in order to express their own ideas and feelings and to construct their individual response to experience in two and three dimensions. Art equipment including paint, glue, crayons and pencils as well as natural and discarded resources provides for open ended exploration of colour, shape, texture and the development of skills in painting, drawing and collage. Children join in with and respond to music and stories. There are many opportunities for imaginative role-play both individually and as part of the group.